Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that is used to fix problems associated with the bone or joints. It involves transplanting bone tissue, and in the field of dentistry, it is most commonly completed so that there is enough bone available to support dental implants.
Major Bone GraftingBone grafting is essential in repairing implant sites to contain adequate bone structure. This may be needed due to tooth loss, infection, previous extractions, trauma, or gum disease. The bone will either be harvested from somewhere else in your body, such as the tibia, hip or jaw, or it can be taken from a cadaver or animal source. Special membranes are also used to encourage bone regeneration and bone grafts.
Major bone grafting is usually performed in order to repair jaw defects. These may have resulted from congenital defects, tumor surgery, or some type of traumatic injury. The largest defects are typically corrected using the patient's own bone.
Benefits of Bone GraftingBone grafting will be done to restore the bone in your jaw to its previous form, and it may also be used to maintain the existing bone structure after you have had teeth extracted. These activities are important for several reasons. First, dental implant placement will require that the bone of the jaw is as close to the original dimensions as possible in order to achieve optimal results. Additionally, the jaw and facial bones will support the muscles and skin that make up your facial shape and appearance, and without this underlying support, your face may look prematurely aged.
Preparing for Your Bone Grafting ProcedurePrior to the surgery, you'll need to go through a periodontal treatment known as scaling and root planing. You should also be sure to care for your teeth properly by brushing and flossing twice per day. This is necessary to reduce the amount of pathologic bacteria in your mouth prior to surgery.
Anesthesia will be used during the procedure, so it is important that you follow the steps outlined by your dentist or surgeon in order to prepare for the procedure. This procedure is painless with minimal to no after effect.
After Your Bone Grafting ProcedureTypically after bone grafting procedures patients are given NSAIDS or anti-inflammatory medication and antibiotic. Again, pain medications are seldom necessary.